We need our feet for our locomotion. They are also extra vulnerable when carrying out dangerous work. For example, an accident can happen in a small corner, such as stepping into a sharp object, chemical liquids, smooth surfaces or getting an object on the foot. That is why it is important to wear leg and foot protection. The choice of the right foot and leg protection should be based on the risks of the specific working conditions and the environmental factors.
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The foundation of a person starts with the shoe. A good shoe that relieves the joints is not a luxury. Especially not with a static work process that takes place on a square meter and where employees turn a lot around their axis. This can cause complaints in the lower back, knees and especially the ankles. It is necessary for the employee to wear good work shoes for their own well-being and health. We divide our work shoes into different main types of leg protection and foot protection:
Comfort plays an important role in work shoes, the wearer may hardly notice that he has special leg protection or foot protection. Even if worn for a long time and under extreme conditions, it must remain comfortable, but above all provide adequate protection. Depending on the type of work and the risk that this produces, the type of work shoe must be determined. Therefore there are CE-type codes and European Standards (EN). In Europe, the EN ISO 20345: 2011 and EN ISO 203417: 2012 standards are mainly used for safety shoes. These standards are divided into various requirements and have a separate code. This type of footwear is indicated by S-coding (EN ISO 20345) from Safety or by an O-coding (EN ISO 20347) from Occupational. Read more about these codes below safety shoes en safety boots.
Below is an overview of the most important standards for foot and leg protection:
- EN ISO 20344: 2011: Test methods for footwear
- EN ISO 20345: 2011: Safety footwear
- EN ISO 20346: 2014: Protective footwear
- EN ISO 20347: 2012: Work shoes
- AND 15090: 2012: Footwear for firefighters
- AND 13832-1: 2006: Footwear for protection against chemicals - Part 1: Terminology and test methods
- AND 13832-2: 2006: Footwear for protection against chemicals - Part 2: Requirements for footwear for protection against chemicals under laboratory conditions.
- AND 13832-3: 2006: Footwear for protection against chemicals - Part 3: Requirements for footwear with a high level of protection against chemicals under laboratory conditions.
- EN ISO 13287: 2012: Test method for the determination of slip resistance.
Work shoes should be in front of a stable nose that offers protection against mechanical damage to the forefoot. This means that with an impact of 200 Joule no damage to the forefoot may occur according to the EN ISO 20345. For foot protection according to EN 20346 an impact of 100 Joule applies. This impact corresponds to the energy, which causes a sharp object of 20 kilo, falling from a height of about 1 meters. The protective cap may also consist of other materials, as long as the forefoot protects according to the standard.
The integrated toe cap (also called a crawling toe cap) in the design offers the shoe extra protection against wear and tear of the leather around the nose area. Shoes with a scuff cap are suitable for professions where people kneel or crawl a lot, such as a construction worker and a tiler.
The midsole is the part that protects the foot from obstacles from below. Think of sharp objects on the floor, concrete iron that sticks up and more. First the midsoles were mainly made of steel, but nowadays there are also lighter, more flexible alternatives such as kevlar and ceramic materials are on the rise. A stable or plastic midsole protects the foot against the penetration of sharp objects on the underside of the work shoe. A midsole is resistant to a point load of at least 1100 N. A plastic midsole is less sensitive to temperatures and insensitive to detection gates, while in a steel midsole the antistatic properties of the midsole remain intact.
The soles are among the most important parts of the safety shoes and are therefore described in the EN standards. Such as the profile surface, the profile depth and the thickness between the profile and oil resistance of the sole are described herein. It is important that the correct sole is chosen in function of the surface on which work is being done. The sole is tired enough to have slip resistance and allow natural walking. The most common soles are polyurethane soles and soles of rubber.
PU outsoles are glued or sprayed on. Spraying is the most durable solution, especially when it comes to adhesion to safety shoes. PU outsoles are heat resistant up to approx. 100 ° C and have excellent thermal insulation properties. PU is known for its flexibility and is ideal for people who like to walk on flexible soles. The PU soles are suitable for lighter to medium industrial work.
TPU (thermoplastic polyurethane) outsoles have the same properties as the PU outsoles, but it is not heat-resistant, but is hardwearing and very comfortable as shoe sole.
The rubber sole can also be glued on or sprayed on, but spraying on is always more durable. They are heat resistant up to over 300 ° C. In addition, they are highly resistant to damage from sharp objects, petrol, oil and acids. The outsole can be in combination with a penetration resistant midsole. The weight of the rubber outsole is relatively much higher compared to the PU sole. Each brand has its own name for the different types of soles. If you want more information about a particular sole, please contact us.
Your toes need sufficient freedom of movement. A well-fitting and fitting shoe is the absolute basis for a healthy body. A width is a relation between length and width of the foot. Each foot therefore has a width (width) in addition to a certain length (size). A safety shoe that is too narrow does not run after wearing because of the steel nose. Too narrow remains too narrow. Being able to offer different widths on safety shoes is therefore very important. Various brands have different widths in their range. If a shoe has different widths than this is with the shoe.
Emma size measurements
Various Emma shoes are available in different widths. Emma works with the following widths: D, XD and XXD. A single shoe is available in XL (49-53).
Bata size measurements
Various Bata shoes are available in different widths. Bata works with the following widths: W, XW and XXW.
uvex width dimensions
Various uvex shoes are available in different widths. uvex works with the following widths: 10, 11, 12 and 14.
Mondopoint size chart
Mondopoint is a universal and standardized measurement system that takes the anatomical shape of the foot as a starting point. As soon as users are familiar with this system, they can always count on a perfectly fitting shoe and optimal wearing comfort. Below you will find an overview of the Mondopoint sizes with the corresponding European and American sizes.